Skocjan cave
Skocjan cave 1
Lipica stud farm

Lipica, Škocjan Caves, karst terrain at a glance

On our excursion from Ljubljana to Lipica Stud Farm, we will start by visiting the City of Lipica. It is an important equestrian center from the times of the Habsburgs, which is located on the karst plateau in the western part of Slovenia. The main attraction of Lipica is a stud farm, where they have been breeding the world famous horses Lipizzaners since the 16th century. After visiting the stud farm, you will also see the historic core of Lipica with the castle and the oldest barn Velbanca. You will have the unique opportunity to observe horses in pasture.

Our trip will continue through the karst landscape to the famous attraction nearby: the Škocjan Caves, listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Škocjan Caves system consists of caves, through which the Reka River flows, which represent the most important underground phenomenon in the Karst. The most famous is Vilenica Cave, an approximately 1,3 km long cave, which is probably the oldest tourist cave in the world, as guided tours of the cave have been organised since the year 1633.

LIPICA STUD FARM

Lipica Stud Farm is one of Slovenia’s top attractions by being the oldest European stud farm continuously breeding one of the oldest cultural horse breeds – Lipizzaners a.k.a. “Lipicanci” (Slovene). The history of the Lipica estate dates back to 16th century, while the Lipizzan breed, such as it is known today, was developed in the times under the Empress Maria Theresa in the 18th century. The hippodrome was built in 1977 and it often hosts Classical Riding School performances of the Equestrian Club Lipica to show off the gracious and elegant movement of Lipizzaner horses, which has been practised to perfection. The stud farm is also a popular venue for picnics, weddings and protocolar events.

What to see in Lipica Stud Farm

There are many interesting buildings on the property of Lipica Stud Farm, such as Velbanca, the main stable and architecturally the most accomplished building of the old core, and the tourist stable (‘Abrihtunga’). The Chapel of St. Anthony of Padua is dedicated to the Catholic saint and the patron saint of cattle. Along with the shrine Valley of Our Lady of Lourdes, it attracts visitors interested in religious tours.

 

What to do in Lipica Stud Farm

While walking around the Lipica property, you can visit the Lipizzaner Museum Lipikum, entirely dedicated to honouring the precious autochthonous Slovenian horses. You can take a pleasant carriage ride around the beautiful estate to discover the tree-lined avenues and enjoy the green landscape in the most romantic way.

 

Where to go in Lipica Stud Farm

Lipica Stud Farm is under the special protection of monumental heritage and offers relaxation among the pastures and meadows, oak groves and tree avenues. As it is located on the Karst Plateau, you can discover the unique karst landscape features nearby – springs, caves, intermittent lakes and karst fields, or treat yourself to an excellent lunch in the village of Lokev.

 

ŠKOCJAN CAVES

On our tour from Ljubljana to Škocjan Caves, you will get to explore the most fascinating natural wonders of the karst world. The beautiful Škocjan Caves are the largest known underground canyon in the world and one of the most precious Slovenian attractions of exceptional significance. Located in the Classical Karst region, they are the only natural monument in Slovenia included in the UNESCO World Heritage list of natural and cultural sites. Škocjan Caves were named after the village of Škocjan, sitting on the top of the cliff above the caves. With its mysterious cave entrances, this natural phenomenon has been attracting visitors since the ancient times.

 

What to see in Škocjan Caves

By stepping inside, you will be welcomed in a special underground world of the Slovenian Karst. You will get to see a part of a 6,2 km long system of caves and passages. The most interesting stalactite formations in the caves are Paradise, Organ Hall, Great Hall and Rimstone Pools’ Hall. The largest stalagmite, known as “Giant”, is 15 m high and can be found in the Great Hall.

 

What to do in Škocjan Caves

When visiting Škocjan Caves, you can follow the stream of Reka River, the disappearing river, and discover its waterfalls. You can face your fears in awe when crossing the Cerkvenik Bridge, stretching 47 metres above the Reka River. Back in the outside world, you can spend some quality time in nature and discover various thematic paths in the area.

 

Where to go in Škocjan Caves

There are numerous natural monuments, cultural attractions, museums, collections, trails, farms and homesteads near the Škocjan Caves system, such as the Reka River valley (the largest blind valley in Slovenia with an up to 100 m deep gorge) with its hiking trail, Velika dolina and Mala dolina (collapse doline), Museum of Slovenian Film Actors, Village of Prem and Prem Castle with the Church of St Helena, and others.